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China's Top10 Hydropower Stations

Author: source: date: 2020-03-11 13:29:43
A hydropower station is a hydraulic device that converts water energy into electricity. It consists of various hydraulic structures, as well as mechanical and electrical equipment such as power generation, transformation, and distribution. It is an organic complex that cooperates with each other and works together. This type of hydraulic device is a hydropower station or a hydropower station, referred to as a hydropower station. We often have hydro turbines that convert water energy into mechanical energy (and we often have Francis turbine, Pelton turbine, Turgo turbine, Tubular turbine, Kaplan turbine) generators, which convert mechanical energy into electricity, governor, and power regulation , Frequency regulation effect, main transformer, boost effect

Excitation transformer, step-down, provide excitation power, cooling system, cooling effect, braking system, stop, etc.


In China with advanced water resources and advanced hydropower engineering technology and equipment, there are countless hydropower stations for the benefit of the Chinese people. China's rapid development is inseparable from the contributions of hydropower engineers and technicians. Cehngdu Forster Technology Co., Ltd, as a bright star of hope for the manufacture and sale of hydropower equipment, today we will introduce the top ten hydropower stations from China.

1. The earliest hydropower station-Shilongba Hydropower Station
Construction started in July 1910 and power generation in May 1912
The hydropower station is located in the Mantis River on the outskirts of Kunming, Yunnan Province, China
Power station introduction:
The initial installed capacity was 480 kilowatts. After more than 30 years of new construction, expansion and reconstruction, the total installed capacity reached 2,920 kilowatts in 1949. On May 25, 2006, the Shilongba Hydropower Station was approved by the State Council to be included in the sixth batch of national key cultural relics protection units.
2.Xin'anjiang Hydropower Station, the earliest large-scale hydropower station with self-made equipment
Built in April 1957, put into production in 1978
Hydropower station in Jiande County, Zhejiang Province, China
Power station introduction:
The power station installed a total of 9 units with a total capacity of 625,500 kilowatts. The power station is the first large-scale hydropower station designed, built by itself, and built in China.

3.The earliest hydropower station with a water head exceeding 1,000 kilometers-Tianhu Hydropower Station
Put into operation in 1992
The hydropower station is located in Quanzhou County, Guilin, Guangxi, China
Power station introduction:
Tianhu Hydropower Station, with a head drop of up to 1074 meters, is known as the highest water head power station in Asia. The designed installed capacity is 60,000 kilowatts and will be carried out in two phases. Tianhu Hydropower Station designed and constructed 4 engineering systems for storage (diversion), water transfer, power generation, and power transmission. It went into operation smoothly in 1992.

4. The earliest large-scale megawatt hydropower station-Liujiaxia Hydropower Station

Construction started in September 1958

The hydropower station is located in the Yellow River Mainstream Power Station in Yongjing County, Gansu Province, China:
Known as the "Pearl of the Plateau". Construction started in September 1958, stopped in 1961, resumed work in 1964, and completed in December 1974. Installed 5 units with a total capacity of 1.225 million kilowatts and an annual power generation of 5.58 billion kilowatt hours.
5. The world's largest hydropower station-Three Gorges Hydropower Station

Construction started in 1994

Hydropower station located in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River in China
Power station introduction:
The Three Gorges Hydropower Station is the largest hydropower station in the world and the largest engineering project ever built in China. The Three Gorges Hydropower Station officially started construction in 1994. Water storage and power generation began in the afternoon of June 1, 2003. All construction was completed in 2009 with an installed capacity of 22.5 million kilowatts.

6, the largest pumped storage power station-Huizhou Pumped Storage Power Station

Commissioned on June 15, 2011

The hydropower station is located in Boluo County, Huizhou City, Guangdong Province, China
Power station introduction:
The power station is a high-head, large-capacity, pure pumped storage power station with an installed capacity of 2.4 million kilowatts. It is currently the world's largest one-time pumped storage power station with installed capacity.

7. The largest hydro-optical complementary hydropower station-Longyangxia Hydropower Station

Founded in 1976

The hydropower station is located on the mainstream of the Yellow River between Gonghe County and Guide County, Qinghai Province, China
Power station introduction:
The "Dragon Head" power station on the upper reaches of the Yellow River is known as the "First Mile Dam of the Yellow River". The total installed capacity of the power station was 1.28 million kilowatts. It was built in 1976, and all power generation was completed in June 1989. The reservoir capacity of Longyangxia Hydropower Station is 24.7 billion cubic meters. Due to the abundant solar resources of the power station and the storage capacity advantage of Longyangxia Hydropower Station, hydropower and photovoltaic power plants can be jointly controlled. On December 6, 2013, Longyangxia won the world's largest installed capacity of 320,000 kilowatts of photovoltaic power generation. Water and light complementary projects.
8. The largest and most complex hydropower station in the underground cavern group-Xiluodu Hydropower Station
Construction started in August 2003 and is also the second largest hydropower station in China and the third largest hydropower station in the world.

The hydropower station is located on the Jinsha River at the junction of Sichuan and Yunnan Provinces, China
Power station introduction:
Xiluodu Hydropower Station is another world-class giant hydropower station in China, second only to the Three Gorges Project. It is the backbone project of China's "west-to-east power transmission" and the largest hydropower station on the Jinsha River. The project started in August 2003, and the main project was officially started in 2005. The total installed power generation capacity is 13.86 million kilowatts, with an average annual power generation of 57.12 billion kilowatt hours. The underground powerhouse of the Xiluodu Hydropower Station is divided into three major chamber groups, namely the main powerhouse, the main transformer room, and the tailwater pressure regulating room. There are 3 diversion tunnels, 9 diversion tunnels, 3 tailwater tunnels, and 2 exit shafts. And many grouting holes and drainage holes, etc., constitute the largest and most complex underground cave group in the world today.
9, the most difficult hydropower station construction-Jinping Hydropower Station

One of the main power points for the commissioning of the first-stage hydropower station on July 12, 2014 and the commissioning of the second-stage hydropower station on November 29, 2014

The hydropower station is located at the junction of Yanyuan County and Muli County, Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China
Power station introduction:
Jinping Hydropower Station includes first and second-stage hydropower stations, with a total installed capacity of 8.4 million kilowatts. It is mainly for power generation, and has both energy storage, flood storage, and sand blocking functions. It is one of the main power sources for Sichuan Power to the East. The dam of Jinping I Hydropower Station is designed to be 305 meters high, which is currently the highest double-curved thin arch dam already built, under construction and design in the world. Its construction difficulty is rare in the world construction industry. Jinping II Hydropower Station cuts and bends 150 kilometers of Jinping Dahewan straight and conducts water for power generation. The four diversion tunnels have an average length of 16.67 kilometers and an excavation diameter of 12.4 meters, making it the world's largest hydraulic tunnel group.

10.Hydroelectric power station with the largest single capacity-Xiangjiaba Hydropower Station

Full production in 2014

The hydropower station is located on the lower reaches of the Jinsha River at the junction of Sichuan and Yunnan provinces, China
Power station introduction:
The Jinshajiang Hydropower Base's last-stage hydropower station is also the third largest hydropower station in China. The power station project was put into full production in 2014, and it has installed 8 currently the world's largest 800,000 kilowatts giant turbines and 3 450,000 kilowatts large turbines. At the same time, Xiangjiaba Hydropower Station is the only dam with irrigation functions among the 25 hydropower stations at the Jinsha River Hydropower Base.

(Some content and pictures about hydropower stations come from the Internet)

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